16 Point Agreement Was Signed on

The solemn and unanimous NPC resolution aims to save the hopes and aspirations of the Naga people, he said, adding that the agreement was designed and drafted very consciously and carefully, taking into account all the urgent and exhausting socio-political realities that prevail to serve as a basis for an honorable solution to the thwarted Naga issue. The Framework Agreement, signed on 3 August 2015, defines two interdependent levels of negotiation. First, it is the shared sovereignty between two entities, including the explosive issue of the separate Naga flag and constitution. Second, the treatment of the courts or the delimitation of the rights and jurisdictions of the central institutions and Naga of governmental and administrative institutions, including a special administrative agreement for the areas inhabited by the Naga outside Nagaland. The breakdown of peace is a suffering of any Indo-Naga agreement, a fragility underlined by the permanence of the Mizo Peace Agreement signed on 30 June 1986. In contrast, successive Naga Accords – the Aakbar-Hydari Agreement (1947), the 16-Point Agreement (1960) and the Shillong Agreement (1975) – failed to achieve a lasting peace. The joint failure of the Naga agreements suggests that the analysis of the causes of this failure should not only focus on the alleged whim of the NSCN (IM) leadership and the democratic deficit of the organization, but should also take into account the long-term structural causes. The Shillong Agreement of November 1975 offered no rights. Clause 3(ii) of the Main Agreement and the five clauses of the Supplementary Agreement set out the terms and conditions for the capitulation of the clandestine guerrillas and their disarmament.

The People`s Liberation Army crossed the Jinsha River on October 6 or 7, 1950 and defeated the Tibetan Army on October 19. [8] [9] Instead of continuing the military campaign, China asked Tibet to send representatives to Beijing to negotiate a deal. The Dalai Lama believes that the draft agreement was drafted by China and that Tibetan representatives were not allowed to propose changes. The agreement was preceded and followed by a pacification programme along tribal and regional borders. After 1964, a district-by-district pacification approach was implemented – a logical consequence of the idea that had given the governor exclusive administrative jurisdiction over Tuensang District. Tribalism has been used to achieve political goals. Rivalry in the ranks of the NNC along the tribal lines reached a focal point with the assassination of General Kaito, which led to a series of murders along the tribal lines. With the appointment of RN Ravi, the interlocutor of the Indo-Naga peace process, as Governor of Nagaland on 20 July 2019 and the repeal of Articles 370 and 35A on 5 August 2019, the Naga Peace Initiative has become an abyss.

Intransigence on the issue of the constitution and the Naga flag has created a situation in which the peace process survives from one deadline to another (31 October 2019 was announced as the first deadline and September 2020 as the second deadline). Since RN Ravi ruled out the demand for a separate Naga flag and constitution in his governor`s speech on December 1, 2020, only the Sanguins have been hoping for a positive outcome. After the 16-point agreement signed between the Naga People`s Convention and the Indian government, the NHTA became a full-fledged state of Nagaland on December 1, 1963. It was the 16th state of the Indian Union. The solemn and unanimous NPC resolution aims to save the hopes and aspirations of the Naga people, he said, adding that the agreement was designed and worked out with great caution and prudence, taking into account all the social and societal realities that serve as the basis for an honorable solution to the Naga issue. As the only living signatory to the agreement, Jamir said the NPC has always sought to create a favorable political environment in the region to clearly and unambiguously emphasize the basis of the Nagas` legitimate claims and protracted political aspirations before the Indian government. . In their false and often comforting belief in full knowledge and de facto consciousness, people were dangerously inclined to apply distorted logic, analyze half-baked information, and draw false conclusions on issues that required detailed and careful understanding and examination, he said. The NPC opted for the second option and that is why the Nagas now had their government elected to shape their future according to their own choice and design, he added. Former Nagaland Prime Minister S C Jamir complained on Sunday that the 16-point deal has been slandered over the years by vested interests, including those who have benefited from the fruits of the state. The Tibetan delegation initially contradicted the No. 1 reference to the „aggressive imperialist forces of Tibet,“ but later admitted that there might be forces they did not know.

Points #2 and #3 were asked about the meaning of „local government“, although the meaning of „national regional autonomy“ was not discussed as the Tibetan delegation felt that things would continue as before. The Ngapois delegation tried to remove the guarantees of power for the Panchen Lama in points 5 and 6, but the Chinese delegation replied that the Panchen Lama and the Dalai Lama should be treated in the same way; Either they guaranteed their power or they did not. The Tibetans recognized the point. Fundamental differences over Number 8, the dissolution of the Tibetan army, led to the promise to renegotiate the issue later. The most controversial point was No. 15 regarding the establishment of a military and administrative committee, with the Tibetan delegation believing that it did not agree with position No. 11 on the Tibetan local government, which is itself carrying out reforms. .